[180], A population occurs in Cameroon's Waza National Park, where between approximately 14 and 21 animals persisted as of 2009. An isolated population of about 650 Asiatic lions constitute a slightly smaller race that lives under strict protection in India’s Gir National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary.

[72], African lions live in scattered populations across Sub-Saharan Africa. [47][57][58][59], The male lion's mane is the most recognisable feature of the species.

[123] When confronted on a kill by lions, spotted hyenas may either leave or wait patiently at a distance of 30–100 m (100–330 ft) until the lions have finished. ", "Genetic insights into dispersal distance and disperser fitness of African lions (, "Complex cooperative strategies in group-territorial African lions", "Selfish partners: resource partitioning in male coalitions of Asiatic lions", "Refined techniques for the analysis of Asiatic lion, "Lion predation on elephants in the Savuti, Chobe National Park, Botswana", "Cooperative hunting in lions: the role of the individual", "Lion hunting behaviour and vegetation structure in an African savanna", "Prey preferences of the spotted hyaena (, "Interspecific competition and the population biology of extinction-prone carnivores", "To kill, stay or flee: the effects of lions and landscape factors on habitat and kill site selection of cheetahs in South Africa", "Predator–prey relationships among the larger mammals of the Kruger National Park", "Distemper: not a new disease in lions and tigers", "A canine distemper epidemic in Serengeti lions (, "Lentivirus infection in an African lion: a clinical, pathologic and virologic study", "An acoustic analysis of lion roars. [267] The heraldic lion is particularly common in British arms. [216], Lion hunting has occurred since ancient times and was often a royal pastime; intended to demonstrate the power of the king over nature.

Manes make males look larger and may serve to intimidate rivals or impress prospective mates. Food enrichment can include large, blocks of ice, like a huge popsicle, filled with chunks of meat, called “meat-sicles,” or whole fish—a “fish-sicle”! [92] Males spend years in a nomadic phase before gaining residence in a pride. Lions are known to take elephants and giraffes, but only if the individual is young or especially sick.

It has been extensively depicted in sculptures and paintings, on national flags, and in contemporary films and literature.

Lion is based on a true story that is both incredibly uplifting and heartbreaking. [171], Lions have an array of facial expressions and body postures that serve as visual gestures. They also kill prey by enclosing its mouth and nostrils in their jaws. Lion doesn't just get its power from the story but from the tremendous performances also. Omissions? A truly exceptional film, this story will stay with me forever. [132] Leopards are able to take refuge in trees; lionesses, however, occasionally attempt to retrieve leopard kills from trees. Their distinctive roar is generally delivered in the evening before a night’s hunting and again before getting up at dawn. [124] Hyenas are bold enough to feed alongside lions and to force the lions off a kill. [2][15][16] In 2017, the Cat Classification Task Force of the Cat Specialist Group revised lion taxonomy, and recognises two subspecies based on results of several phylogeographic studies on lion evolution, namely:[17], Lion samples from some parts of the Ethiopian Highlands cluster genetically with those from Cameroon and Chad, while lions from other areas of Ethiopia cluster with samples from East Africa. If film-art is the pursuit of visual pleasure, powerful storytelling and high emotional impact, then Lion (2016) is the year's high-water mark for Australian productions.

In the Book of Judges, Samson kills a lion as he travels to visit a Philistine woman. Results of analyses differ in the phylogenetic relationship of the lion; it was thought to form a sister group with the jaguar (P. onca) that diverged 3.46 to 1.22 million years ago,[9] but also with the leopard (P. pardus) that diverged 3.1 to 1.95 million years ago[11][12] to 4.32 to 0.02 million years ago. Missing child cases are ones that really do send a shiver down the spine, the uncertainty of the child's whereabouts or whether in fact they are actually still alive being the major worries.

[91], Asiatic lion prides differ in group composition. I am from Pakistan and I have been living in San Francisco for the last 15 years. It is absent from rainforest and rarely enters closed forest. [186][187]

Such measures contribute to mitigating human–lion conflict. The lion prefers grassy plains and savannahs, scrub bordering rivers and open woodlands with bushes. Such measures contribute to mitigating human–lion conflict. The presence, absence, colour and size of the mane are associated with genetic precondition, sexual maturity, climate and testosterone production; the rule of thumb is that a darker, fuller mane indicates a healthier animal. There is no evidence for gene flow between the two lineages, indicating that they did not share the same geographic area. This result suggested that the taxonomic position of lions in Central Africa may require revision. These areas of grassland habitat also provide food for the animals lions prey upon. [157], Ticks commonly infest the ears, neck and groin regions of lions.

Male tolerance of the cubs varies—one male could patiently let the cubs play with his tail or his mane, while another may snarl and bat the cubs away. [200], In 1982, the Association of Zoos and Aquariums started a Species Survival Plan for the Asiatic lion to increase its chances of survival. Whenever people are asked to name animals that are in a zoo, lions are usually at the very top of the list. While it may look like the lionesses do all the work in the pride, the males play an important role. Researchers have often noticed lions lying around in crazy poses, such as on their backs with their feet in the air or legs spread wide apart! Unbelievable and I cannot wait to read the book the movie was based on. The Sanskrit word mrigendra signifies a lion as king of animals in general or deer in particular. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. They weigh 1.2–2.1 kg (2.6–4.6 lb) at birth and are almost helpless, beginning to crawl a day or two after birth and walking around three weeks of age.
A new-born lion has dark spots, which fade as the cub reaches adulthood, although faint spots often may still be seen on the legs and underparts. [253], The lion is a common motif in Chinese art; it was first used in art during the late Spring and Autumn period (fifth or sixth century BC) and became more popular during the Han Dynasty (206 BC – AD 220) when imperial guardian lions started to be placed in front of imperial palaces for protection.

Mothers generally raise males until they are just about two. The hormone testosterone has been linked to mane growth; castrated lions often have little to no mane because the removal of the gonads inhibits testosterone production. [217] In Ancient Rome, lions were kept by emperors for hunts as well as gladiator fights and executions.


The cats typically gorge themselves and then rest for several days in its vicinity. The lion (Panthera leo) is a species in the family Felidae and a member of the genus Panthera. Lions usually hunt at night, particularly at dusk and dawn, with lionesses doing most of the work.